Best Practices Article: Gradually Increasing Individuality: Suggestions for Improving Alternative Teacher Education Programs

Jeff Henning-Smith


The purpose of this article was to examine the use of a gradual release of responsibility (GRR) model (Pearson & Gallagher, 1983) embedded in a co-teaching framework (Heck & Bacharach, 2016) during the student-teaching portion of an alternative teaching licensure program. The goal was to improve an already existing student-teacher field experience summer residency program at a large Midwestern university by better attending to its desire to help all teachers become better equipped with their selection of teaching strategies.


alternative certification, teacher preparation, mentoring, co-teaching

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